Topographical Land Surveys India
Land Survey
What is Land Survey ?
Surveying is the technique and science of accurately determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional space position of points and the distances and angles between them. These points are usually, but not exclusively, associated with positions on the surface of the Earth, and are often used to establish land maps and boundaries for ownership or governmental purposes. In order to accomplish their objective, surveyors use elements of geometry, engineering, trigonometry, mathematics, physics, and law.

Surveying has been an essential element in the development of the human environment since the beginning of recorded history (ca. 5000 years ago) and it is a requirement in the planning and execution of nearly every form of construction. Its most familiar modern uses are in the fields of transport, building and construction, communications, mapping, and the definition of legal boundaries for land ownership.

Called "Geometrics" in Canada and much of Europe, land surveying is known as the world's second-oldest profession. It dates back to ancient Egypt and Babylonia.

Topographical Land Surveys IndiaSurveying is essentially the art and science of measuring and mapping land.  Without this service, railroads could not be built, skyscrapers could not be erected, and individuals could not put up fences around their yards, for fear of trespassing on someone else's land.  Would you like an interstate highway to be built in your backyard, one you've paid for, maintained, and paid taxes on for years, without your permission?  Of course, how would you know it was in your backyard without a surveyor to tell you where your property even was?  We also stake out boundaries of roads to be built, monitor skyscrapers to make sure they are being erected vertically, and measure airports so that the runways are perfectly aligned and smooth.  So, if you see a guy in the road looking through an instrument on a tripod, that is a surveyor, now you know that he is doing more than taking pictures.
LandSurvey.co is a portal giving valuable information to people practicing the trade and to students aspiring to become a land surveyor

Typically the land surveying job is performed by land surveyors in India who must have relevant education and have gone through training process. Nowadays, these professionals get help from an array of land surveying software and advanced equipments. It is also possible today to find land survey companies in India who bring an international level of quality and reliability in their results.

The land survey can be further divided into various categories depending on application areas:
  • River Cross-section: These surveys involve use of land based survey techniques and hydrographic survey techniques. Advanced equipment like DGPS, Digital Echosounder, Total Stations etc., are used for taking river cross section.
  • Road Survey: These surveys are carried out for proposed roads, strengthening and widening of existing roads. DGPS is used for establishing control points, followed by Total Station survey.
  • Route Surveys: For Transmission lines, Pipelines, Tunnels etc.
  • Contour Surveys: Land & Water Bodies.
  • Topographical Surveys: To capture details and features on the ground. Clubbed with elevation details, these maps are essential part of any project.
  • Boundary Surveys: To mark the precise boundary of any project on ground.
  • Measured Building Surveys: Floor plans and elevations are produced mainly for our architectural and engineering clients. They are used for building redevelopment and structural analysis.
  • Setting-out Work: Transfer of map information to ground. Example include road center line, pipeline alignment marking, etc.
  • Quantity Calculation: To calculate cut-fill volumes based on existing levels and planned levels, final levels and initial levels etc.
  • Reservoir Sedimentation Studies: To calculate amount of silt accumulated in a reservoir over time. Also to calculate rate of sedimentation, balance life of reservoir etc. Uses modern tools like Digital echosounder, DGPS, Total Stations and modelling techniques.
  • Flood Modelling Studies: Complete flood modelling studies including cross section survey and modelling.


Boundary Surveys india
Boundary Surveys india